Helping you live a better life on dialysis

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Chronic Kidney Disease Diet

If you have an early stage of chronic kidney disease (CKD), talk to your doctor about what to eat—and what to avoid. If you do not have a renal (kidney) dietitian, your doctor may be able to refer you to one who can help you with a meal plan.

This meal plan for CKD patients might include:

  • Limiting protein. Some research shows that you can slow the rate of some CKD by eating less protein. Another reason to eat less protein is avoiding a build-up of urea. Other studies suggest limiting protein may be risky if it leads to malnutrition. Talk to your doctor about what is best for you.
  • Drinking more fluids. Your doctor may want you to drink plenty of fluids to help flush out wastes. If you have a history of kidney stones, drinking more water is recommended.
  • Taking phosphate binders. Having too much phosphorus can harm your bones. You may be asked to take phosphate binders—drugs that keep extra phosphorus out of your blood by binding with it and removing it in your stool.
  • Eating less phosphorus. You cannot avoid all foods with phosphorus, but it is good to learn about how to eat less phosphorus.
  • Limiting salt. If your blood pressure is high, your doctor may want you to eat less salt to help keep your kidneys working longer.


Content from Kidney School, a program of the Medical Education Institute, Inc.